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Australian History

Australian History

The History of Australia refers to the history of the realm and other people of the Commonwealth of Australia and its preceding autochthonic and colonial societies. Aboriginal Australians are believed to possess 1st arrived on the Australian dry land by ocean from Maritime Southeast Asia between 40,000 and 70,000 years past. The creative, musical and non-secular traditions they established are among the longest extant such traditions in human history.

The first noted landing in Australia by Europeans was by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606. Different Dutch navigators explored the western and southern coasts within the seventeenth century, and dubbed the continent "New European nation." Macassan trepangers visited Australia's northern coasts once 1720, probably earlier. Different European explorers followed till, in 1770, Lieutenant Captain Cook charted the geographic region of Australia for kingdom and came back with accounts favouring colonization at biological science Bay (now in Sydney), New South Wales.

A First Fleet of British ships got wind of biological science Bay in January 1788 to ascertain a penal facility. Within the century that followed, British established different colonies on the continent, and European explorers ventured into its interior. Autochthonic Australians were greatly weakened and their numbers diminished by introduced diseases and conflict with the colonists throughout this era.

Gold rushes and agricultural productions brought wealth, autonomous parliamentary democracies started to be established all over the six British colonies from the mid-19th century. The colonies voted by vote to unite in an exceedingly federation in 1901, and trendy Australia came into being. Australia fought on the facet of England within the 2 world wars and has become a long-standing ally of the U.S. once vulnerable by Imperial Japan throughout war II. Trade with Asia enhanced and a post-war doctrine immigration program received over 6.5 million migrants from each continent. The population tripled in six decades to around twenty one million in 2010, with folks originating from two hundred countries sustaining the world's fourteenth largest financial system.

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